Turkish Journal of Plastic Surgery

: 2020  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 199-

Academic promotion criteria: Success or fail?

Cenk Demirdover 
 Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Cenk Demirdover
Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir

How to cite this article:
Demirdover C. Academic promotion criteria: Success or fail?.Turk J Plast Surg 2020;28:199-199

How to cite this URL:
Demirdover C. Academic promotion criteria: Success or fail?. Turk J Plast Surg [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Oct 5 ];28:199-199
Available from: http://www.turkjplastsurg.org/text.asp?2020/28/4/199/296484

Full Text

Each university determines its own criteria for academic promotion. In some countries, the criteria defined by the national health authorities might be quite different than that of the universities. However, all these criteria can be summarized in the following categories:

Academic publication and research activitiesTeaching, learning, and assessment activitiesProfessional achievement and activitiesEnterprise.

The quality and the quantity of the publications have been examined by predefined academic councils. The easiest part is checking the required number of publications. However, examining their scientific quality is time demanding. There are many different indicators, such a H-index, age-weighted citation rate, the Eigenfactor score, and author impact factor, to determine the author citation metrics.[1] Any publication getting numerous citations in journals with a high impact factor shows the candidate's scientific power. On the other hand, the requirements might be fulfilled by predatory publishing. The academic council who checks the promotion criteria may fail to find out the truth. The ethical principles should be considered in each publication.

Teaching experience for a certain amount of time (e.g., at least for a semester) is required for academic promotion in many universities. However, the candidates may provide certificates of the one-time given lectures to replace teaching requirements. This situation would certainly mislead the academic council.

Participation in national and/or international congresses, symposia, and conferences is one other important criterion to be examined. The continuity is more valuable compared to the recent participation.

 Key Factors for a Successful Academic Promotion

Publishing for the science, not for the academic promotionCreating real solutions for the problems of the humanityPerfectly meeting the authorship criteriaPublishing in well-known journals with high impact factorHaving high citation rate for each publicationAvoiding any predatory publishingAvoiding any type of plagiarism [2]Following ethical principlesContinuity in publishingAvoiding participating in any predatory congressTeaching regularly (at least for a semester)Training young academicians.

 Failing in Academic Promotion

Publishing for academic promotionPublishing fabricated scientific dataHaving pointless research findingsAuthorship without any contributionPublishing in journals where publication fee is present instead of an editorial processHaving low or no citation rate for each publicationPredatory publishingInvolving in any type of plagiarismEthical violationConsecutive publishing just prior to academic promotionParticipating in any predatory congressesNo involvement in teaching and/or training actions.

The academic council that evaluates candidates' scientific background plays a particularly important role. The end of science starts when unmerited academic titles are given. All the academicians are responsible for the purity of knowledge.


1Hirsch JE. An index to quantify an individual's scientific research output. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2005;102:16569-72.
2Available from: https://www.publicationethics.org/files/u7141/1999pdf13.pdf [Last accessed on 2020 Sep 04].