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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 151-155

Is unilateral local flap reconstruction sufficient in large myelomeningocele treatment?

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, School of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Enver Arpaci
Çamlaraltı, Kınıklı Cd. No: 37, Pamukkale-20160, Denizli
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjps.tjps_100_20

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Objective: Skin flaps are acceptable methods for surgical treatment of myelomeningocele defects in the neonatal period. Skin flaps (e.g., V-Y advancement, rotation or transposition flaps) are often preferred bilaterally for closure of myelomeningocele defects. This study evaluated the adequacy of an alternative unilateral flap method called “ice cream-cone flap” in repairing large myelomeningocele defects. Patients and Methods: Fifteen newborns who were operated with “ice cream cone flap” due to myelomeningocele defect were evaluated retrospectively. Surgical repair was carried out within 1–3 days of birth. The defect sizes were ranging 10 cm × 8 cm to 4 cm × 4 cm diameter with the mean diameter of 7.2 cm × 5.4 cm. This technique is mainly based on the planning of unilateral advancement flap that resembles the shape of the defect. The technique includes additional procedures such as anchoring of a deepithelialized skin tissue to provide redistribution of the wound closure tension to the lateral side of the flap, and transposition of a skin protrusion to shorten the peripheral border length of the wound. Results: Durable, stable soft-tissue coverage of the defect was obtained in all patients. No hematoma, seroma, infection, and flap necrosis were observed during the postoperative follow-up period. Two patients had partial wound dehiscence which was healed with secondary wound healing. Conclusion: “Ice cream-cone flap” technique is fast, reliable, and easily performed and has the advantage of shorter operative time, less blood loss with minimal wound closure tension.

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