|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 149-150
“No touch” novel technique for positioning of free flap pedicle in head-and-neck onco-reconstructive surgeries
Sitaram Prasad1, Anil Heroor2, Sunraj Bangera1, Kashish Jain2, Hitesh R Singhavi2
1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Fortis Hospital Mulund, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, Fortis Hospital Mulund, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||02-Sep-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||06-Oct-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||26-Mar-2021|
Dr. Hitesh R Singhavi
1135, OPD B, Department of Surgical Oncology, Fortis Hospital Mulund, Mumbai. Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Prasad S, Heroor A, Bangera S, Jain K, Singhavi HR. “No touch” novel technique for positioning of free flap pedicle in head-and-neck onco-reconstructive surgeries. Turk J Plast Surg 2021;29:149-50
|How to cite this URL:|
Prasad S, Heroor A, Bangera S, Jain K, Singhavi HR. “No touch” novel technique for positioning of free flap pedicle in head-and-neck onco-reconstructive surgeries. Turk J Plast Surg [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Sep 27];29:149-50. Available from: http://www.turkjplastsurg.org/text.asp?2021/29/2/149/312189
| Introduction|| |
According to Globocan 2018, the annual incidence of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers was 529,500 which is predicted to rise by 62% by 2035. These tumors are responsible for approximately 150,000 death, with 50% of it occurring in India. Surgery is still the mainstay of the treatment in oral cavity cancers., Majority of all the advanced operable oral cavity cancers which undergo surgical excision require free flap reconstruction most commonly being radial free flap, anterolateral thigh flap, and free fibula.
One of the challenges faced during such a procedure is injury to the pedicle. Transfer of the pedicle from the oral cavity to the neck in the presence of intact mandible or floor of the mouth is a task. Generally, it is a blind procedure which raises the chances of being injured during the process, especially due to sharp bony edges postablative procedures.
This technique has its role in the transfer of pedicle to the recipient site after harvesting [Figure 1] and division of the flap pedicle. As the usual length of the pedicle (radial forearm free flap) is 15–18 cm in length and 3 mm in diameter, segment of the suction tube is cut measuring about 15 cm. It is also 12 mm in diameter, wide enough to accommodate both cephalic vein and radial artery. Next, the floor of the mouth is pierced with a large hemostat. The cut suction tube is passed into this space and positioned near the recipient vessels [Figure 2]. The flap pedicle is placed into the tube, and low powered suction is applied to the other end [Figure 3]. Care is taken to avoid direct contact of the pedicle with a suction tip. The gentle suction acts as a traction of the pedicle within the tube as the entire unit is pulled into the neck without mechanically touching it, thus permitting an atraumatic passage of the pedicle [Figure 4]. The diameter (12 mm) of the tube ensures that the tunnel in the floor of the mouth is of adequate diameter. Once the pedicle is in the neck, light suction is turned off, and tube is removed [Figure 5]. Then, a microvascular clamp is applied to the pedicle tip to prevent displacement of the pedicle from the neck during the flap inset.
|Figure 1: Insertion of the suction tube and feeding of the vessel in the suction tube|
Click here to view
- It is an atraumatic, simple, cost-effective procedure of transferring the pedicle into the neck
- This procedure creates enough space in the neck to prevent its compression preventing vascular insufficiency
- It does not require exclusive expertise and instrumentation.
- In the oral cavity resection procedure especially involving marginal mandibulectomy
- Buccal mucosa defect with intact mandible
- Small tongue defects such as hemiglossectomy (with less or no floor of the mouth defect).
| Conclusion|| |
Usage of a suction tube not only provides structural protection but also facilitates atraumatic transfer of pedicle due to light suction. Thus, the use of “No Touch” atraumatic transfer of pedicle using suction tube can be used safely in the selected cases.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5]