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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 224-230

Favorable long-term esthetic, functional, and sensory outcome and preferability of distal digital replantations

Private Aesthetic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Office, Bursa, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ayhan Okumus
Private Aesthetic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Office, Ihsaniye Mah., Ilknur Sok., Bulvar 224 Sitesi B/10, Nilufer, Bursa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjps.tjps_76_19

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Background: To evaluate long-term esthetic, functional, and sensory outcome and preferability of distal digit replantations with respect to contralateral intact finger. Materials and Methods: A total of 63 single-or multi-digit clean cut amputations distal to distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) involving nail fold in 45 consecutive patients (mean 29 years, 26 males, 19 females) who underwent replantation surgery between 2010 and 2016 were included in this study. Esthetic outcome, functional, and sensory outcome were assessed in the postoperative 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years. Results: Single-digit amputation was noted in 34 patients including thumb (n = 9), index finger (n = 10), middle finger (n = 7), ring finger (n = 7), and little finger (n = 1). Multi-digit amputations were evident in 11 patients involving 2 fingers in five patients (index + middle in two patients, middle + ring in two patients, and thumb + index in one patient), 3 fingers in five patients (index + middle + ring in 4 patients and middle + ring + little in one patient), and 4 fingers in one patient (index + middle + ring + little). All patients were operated within the first 4 h of hospital admission. Postoperative 3-year outcome was excellent in 79.3% of operations, good in 14.2%, and acceptable in 6.3% of operations. None of the operations resulted in poor or very poor outcome and none of the patients had functional loss during the entire follow-up period. A very satisfactory sensory outcome with static two-point discrimination test findings of <6 mm was noted in all operations involving nerve repair, while in operations without nerve repair, the sensory outcome was also moderately satisfactory. Conclusion: Our findings indicate excellent long-term esthetic, functional, and sensory outcomes of distal digit replantation. Our findings emphasize consideration of replantation in single-level clear-cut distal digit amputations without avulsion or crush injury as a technique associated with excellent esthetic long-term outcomes.

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