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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 167-171

Perforator pedicled propeller flap: A reliable coverage of wounds around ankle


1 Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Adesh Medical College, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
2 Department of Plastic Surgery, Desun Hospital and Heart Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Surgery, Adesh Medical College, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohd Altaf Mir
Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Adesh Medical College, Mohri, Kurukshetra - 136 135, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjps.tjps_85_18

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Background: This study aimed to determine the reliability of perforator pedicled propeller flap for coverage of wounds around the ankle. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study undertaken between September 2017 and November 2018 in the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of our institution. Patients with soft-tissue defect of the ankle referred from the Division of Orthopedic Surgery were included. Those with a scarring in the region of calf in the area of proposed flap were excluded. A detailed history and examination were recorded. A complete blood count, kidney and liver function tests, coagulation profile, and hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency viral marker testing were performed following informed consent. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the ankle were taken in all cases. Perforator pedicled propeller flaps were raised in all patients for coverage of soft-tissue defects around the ankle. All patients were followed up regularly. Results: Ten patients with soft-tissue defect around the ankle were referred to our division from the Division of Orthopedic Surgery or admitted through the outpatient department of the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of our institution. Eight patients were male and two were female, with the age ranging from 10 to 50 years. The mean operation time was 58 min. Size of the flap varied from 21 cm × 8 cm (168 cm2) to 8 cm × 5 cm (40 cm2). Flaps were rotated through 110°–180°. Out of ten flaps, eight flaps survived completely without any complications. Partial flap loss was found in one patient (10%), marginal flap necrosis in one patient (10%), and none of the flap was lost completely. Thus, the overall success rate of perforator pedicled propeller flap in our study observed was 80%. Conclusion: The perforator-based propeller flap is a versatile and reliable flap for the coverage of soft-tissue defects around the ankle because its vascularity is predictable.


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