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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 144-150

The determination of the effect of curcumin on autologous fat graft survival in rats: Experimental study

1 Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Sultan Abdulhamid Han Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Eskisehir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahmut Ozgul
Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Sultan Abdulhamid Han Research and Training Hospital, İstanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjps.tjps_39_18

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Introduction: Curcumin, extracted from the roots of plant Curcuma longa, had been widely used in eastern medicine for centuries for the treatment of infections and pain management. It is vastly studied in modern medicine in the last two decades. In oncology, it is studied for its anticarcinogenic properties also to reduce the toxicity of chemotherapeutics, in diabetes to treat microvascular complications and wound healing management, and in ophthalmology for inflammatory diseases, and its therapeutic efficiency has been shown. Material and Method: In this study, 80 Wistar Albino rats' (female) inguinal fat pads excised, weight, and volume measures recorded and put under the scalp flap as en bloc fat grafts. Rats grouped in four such as control (Group 1), oral curcumin (Group 2), topical curcumin (Group 3), and oral + topical curcumin (Group 4), and at the days 1st, 4th, 7th, and 14th, two rats from each group were sacrificed, grafts extracted, and stained with perilipin for immunohistochemical and hematoxylin-eosin for histological examination. At the day 98th, all groups were sacrificed, fat grafts extracted, weight and volume differences recorded, and same histologic and immunohistochemical stains applied. Results: Topical curcumin applied groups' (Group 3 and Group 4) weight and volume “percent change” was statistically significant lower than groups which curcumin not topically applied (Group 1 and Group 2) (P < 0.05, P = 0.062). Early biopsies' histological and immunohistochemical examinations show that topically curcumin applied groups have more adipocytes that maintain their normal shape and better neovascularization of graft, however, less tissue cellular infiltration, hemorrhagic, and cyst and vacuole formation. Conclusion: Topically applied curcumin on fat grafts increased fat graft survival rate.

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