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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-11

Epidemiologic analysis and evaluation of complications in 1266 cases with maxillofacial trauma

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Hand Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alper Geyik
Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Hand Surgery, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Medicine, Inciralti, Izmir, 35340
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjps.tjps_10_18

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Introduction: Patients with maxillofacial trauma represent a major group of patients in plastic surgery practice. These traumas are often caused by in-car and noncar road accidents and can result in permanent damages. This study aims at providing an epidemiologic analysis of such cases together with their diagnostic procedures, treatment methods, and postoperative complications. Materials and Methods: A total of 1266 maxillofacial trauma cases that were operated on between 2003 and 2017 were studied, and analyzed for fractured bones, etiology, diagnosis and treatment principles, and complications. Results: The major etiologic factor causing maxillofacial trauma in our study is noncar road accidents (25.5%). Mandible fractures were seen to be the most common type of bone fracture (52.2%). Together with physical examination, computerized tomography and orthopantomography are the diagnostic procedures we effectively use in our clinic. Rigid and semi-rigid fixation with plate and screws are the most frequently used treatment methods, and complication rates are seen to be lower (by 6.6%) than those reported in the literature. Conclusion: Careful and meticulous processes, as well as effective follow-up of the patient are required to achieve optimal esthetic and functional results in maxillofacial trauma cases. Such approach can help to reduce the possibility of complications and allow for their early identification, hence early intervention.

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